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How does India achieve 2050's carbon reduction target?


India is the only exception, as cumulative emissions from the national model are higher than the Indian carbon budget from global cost-optimal 2 °C scenarios, as the imposition of universal carbon tax results in higher relative mitigation effort for energy inefficient countries like India.


Later City News: A paper published in the journal of "Energy" by Elsevier confirms that the “Low-emission” scenarios developed with the national-scale models are compatible with well-below 2 °C goal, as cumulative national CO₂ emissions “carbon budget” over 2010–2050 are well within the range projected by leading global models for cost-optimal scenarios meeting a carbon budget of 1000 Gt CO₂, considered equivalent to below 2 °C.


In some countries such as Canada, and USA, national pathways are even consistent with global models’ scenarios meeting the carbon budget of 400 Gt CO₂ by 2100 (equivalent to likely 1.5 °C) but India is the only exception, as cumulative emissions from the national model are higher than the Indian carbon budget from global cost-optimal 2 °C scenarios, as the imposition of universal carbon tax results in higher relative mitigation effort for energy inefficient countries like India.


This paper studies "Energy system transitions and low-carbon pathways in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, EU-28, India, Indonesia, Japan, Republic of Korea, Russia and the United States" and published professor "Panagiotis Fragkos" and a group of researchers from different countries.