What design model is the best for the Cities of the Future?
Later City News: In today’s Europe, many different kinds of cities coexist: cities that merge two continents like Istanbul, flat or hill cities like Paris or Rome, new three-dimensional skyscraper cities like London, water cities like Venice or Amsterdam, cold-weather cities existing in the Scandinavian peninsula, cities in the mountains like Andorra la Vella (the highest mountain capital city in Europe with 1.023 m), medieval cities like Florence or Prague, and fully enclosed cities like compact cities.
A paper is written by Thomas Saaty from the University of Pittsburg and Pierfrancesco De Paola from the University of Naples Federico II, has compared different possible urban design for a future city and found in a Benefits model, the compact city has the highest benefits, followed by Copenhagen and Amsterdam. The main goal behind the compact circular city is to take advantage of its specific circular design because all points at the circumference are equally distant from the center.
The central part of a circular city would be mainly reserved for residential units (apartment dwellings and community housing). If housing units are at the center, there would be better security for the residents with good mutual social relations. Infrastructures would be placed around the center. The outermost levels should be reserved for industrial structures (minimizing environmental pollution).
On the top of buildings, there would be green parks as roofs, while the city would be surrounded by rural countryside (without suburbs). The major benefits of the circular compact city are less city congestion and efficient public transport systems. However, its main limitation is the poor space for further expansion, even if a network of compact circular cities would be a possible way to resolve the urban expansion problem.
The term “compact city” was coined firstly in 1973 by George Dantzig and Thomas L. Saaty, whose utopian vision was widely driven by a desire to see more efficient use of resources and better survival conditions for people.